Santiago de Cuba, Oct 16 – Sixty years after the fact, Cubans today are remembering Fidel Castro’s self-defense speech, given at the nurses room of an old public hospital, in response to the accusations for the July 26, 1953 attack on the Moncada Garrison.
The young lawyer”s speech, known as “La historia me absolvera” (History Will Absolve Me), an allusion to his final phrase before the court that judged him, became the political, legal, and social basis for the program of the revolutionary movement that led the armed uprising against the tyranny of dictator Fulgencio Batista.
Jurists and historians from many Cuban provinces met yesterday to analyze legal and historical aspects of the event, with new insights constantly arising despite the abundant research and publications that have already resulted from the event.
Journalist Marta Rojas was one of the participants at the meeting. She was able to witness that historic day on October 16, 1953, and once again, she shared her experiences and considerations in the context of the launch of the seventh edition of her book “El juicio del Moncada” (The Moncada Trial).
In his defense, the man who led the attack on the country’s second most important military fortress made reference, among other things, to Article 40 of the 1940 Constitution, which described resistance as a legitimate response to preserve rights achieved for individuals and the nation.
The words by the jurist in Cause 37 became an accusatory document marking the terrible panorama of Cuban society at the time, as well as an outline of necessary changes, which began after the revolutionary triumph on January 1, 1959.
The Abel Santamaria museum in the park by the same name is the current repository for material evidence from that court session in the same place where it was held, as well as in one of the buildings that were also attacked on the morning of July 26, 1953.
Source: Prensa Latina